Document Type


Peer Reviewed


Publication Date


NLM Title Abbreviation

Pediatr Emerg Care

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Pediatric emergency care

PubMed ID


DOI of Published Version


Start Page


End Page


Total Pages

6 pages


OBJECTIVE: Injury, the most common type of pediatric trauma, can lead to a number of adverse psychosocial outcomes, including posttraumatic stress disorder. Currently, few evidence-based parent programs exist to support children hospitalized after a traumatic injury. Using methods in evaluation and intervention research, we completed a formative research study to develop a new program of psychological first aid, Link for Injured Kids, aimed to educate parents in supporting their children after a severe traumatic injury.

METHODS: Using qualitative methods, we held focus groups with parents and pediatric trauma providers of children hospitalized at a Level I Children's Hospital because of an injury in 2012. We asked focus group participants to describe reactions to trauma and review drafts of our intervention materials.

RESULTS: Health professionals and caregivers reported a broad spectrum of emotional responses by their children or patients; however, difficulties were experienced during recovery at home and upon returning to school. All parents and health professionals recommended that interventions be offered to parents either in the emergency department or close to discharge among admissions.

CONCLUSIONS: Results from this study strongly indicate a need for posttrauma interventions, particularly in rural settings, to support families of children to address the psychosocial outcomes in the aftermath of an injury. Findings presented here describe the process of intervention development that responds to the needs of an affected population.


OAfund, trauma, injury, psychological first aid, mental health, adolescents

Granting or Sponsoring Agency

University of Iowa Prevention Research Center, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Grant Number



Epub ahead of print

Journal Article Version


Published Article/Book Citation

Pediatric Emergency Care Volume 33(8), August 2017, p 532–537


Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.