Early-life co-administration of cockroach allergen and endotoxin augments pulmonary and systemic responses

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Peer Reviewed


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Clinical & Experimental Allergy

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Background Environmental exposures to cockroach allergen and endotoxin are recognized epidemiological risk factors for the early development of allergies and asthma in children. Because of this, it is important to examine the role of early-life concurrent inhalation exposures to cockroach allergen and endotoxin in the pathogenesis of allergic airways disease. Objective We examined the effects of repeated concomitant endotoxin and cockroach allergen inhalation on the pulmonary and systemic immune responses of newborn and juvenile mice. Methods C3H/HeBFeJ mice were exposed to inhaled endotoxin and cockroach allergen via intranasal instillation from day 2 to 21 after birth, and systemic and pulmonary responses were examined in serum, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and lung tissue. Results Cockroach allergen exposures induced pulmonary eosinophilic inflammation, total and allergen-specific IgE, IgG1, and IgG2a production, and alveolar remodelling. Co-exposures with endotoxin and cockroach allergen significantly increased serum IgE and IgG1, lung inflammation, and alveolar wall thickness, and decreased airspace volume density. Importantly, compared with exposures with individual substances, the responses to co-exposures were more than additive. Conclusions Repeated inhalation exposures of neonatal and juvenile mice to endotoxin and cockroach allergen increased the pulmonary inflammatory and systemic immune responses in a synergistic manner and enhanced alveolar remodelling in the developing lung. These data underscore the importance of evaluating the effect of multiple, concurrent environmental exposures, and of using an experimental model that incorporates clinically relevant timing and route of exposures. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]; Copyright of Clinical & Experimental Allergy is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)



Published Article/Book Citation

Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 39:7 (2009) pp.1069-1079. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2222.2009.03254.x.

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