US Patent 5,330,708
United States Patent and Trademark Office
University of Iowa Research Foundation (Iowa City, IA, US)
A new ternary sulfide alloy exhibits a metal-semiconductor phase transition with hysteresis as a function of temperature. One embodiment of the bistable material includes barium, cobalt, nickel and sulfur in amounts in accordance with the formula Ba(Co1-x Nix)S2-y, and x is between 0 and 1 and y varies from 0 to 2.
Martinson, Lee S.; Schweitzer, John W.; and Baenziger, Norman C. Sulfide alloys that exhibit thermal bistability. US Patent 5,330,708 filed April 26, 1993 and issued July 19, 1994. https://ir.uiowa.edu/patents/121