US Patent 5,981,095
United States Patent and Trademark Office
University of Iowa Research Foundation (Iowa City, IA, US)
Magnetic composites exhibit distinct flux properties due to gradient interfaces. The composites can be used to improve fuel cells and batteries and effect transport and separation of different chemical species. Devices utilizing the composites include an electrode and improved fuel cells and batteries. Some composites, disposed on the surface of electrodes, prevent passivation of those electrodes and enable direct reformation of liquid fuels. Methods involving these composites provide distinct ways for these composites to be utilized.
Leddy, Johna; Zook, Lois Anne; and Amarasinghe, Sudath Magnetic composites and methods for improved electrolysis. US Patent 5,981,095 filed January 28, 1999 and issued November 09, 1999. https://ir.uiowa.edu/patents/228