US Patent 6,605,232
United States Patent and Trademark Office
University of Iowa Research Foundation (Iowa City, IA, US)
The present invention relates to a novel deicing/anti-icing composition. The composition is formed by alkalinically degrading reducing sugars. The reducing sugars are preferably found in an industrial waste stream, such as corn steep water. The composition is inexpensive, biodegradeable, and nontoxic to the environment.
Montgomery, Rex and Yang, Byung Yun Biodegradeable deicing composition. US Patent 6,605,232 filed October 01, 2002 and issued August 12, 2003. https://ir.uiowa.edu/patents/333