Objective: To study the effect of music on pain perception in women scheduled for elective cesarean section (CS)
Search Strategy: We used the following keywords (“music” or “music therapy” and any of the following: cesarean section OR cesarean delivery OR CS OR cesarean OR Caesarean OR "post-op*)
Selection Criteria: We included all studies satisfying the following criteria: (1) Population: pregnant women scheduled for cesarean section. (2) Intervention: the addition of any type of music to routine care compared with routine care alone. (3) Study design: randomized controlled trials (RCTs). We excluded the following: (1) non-randomized trials, (2) in vitro and animal studies, (3) studies in languages other than English, and (4) studies whose data were unreliable for extraction and analysis.
Data Collection and Analysis: Data extraction was independently performed using a standardized form. In case of discrepancies, a consensus was reached after the involvement of the senior investigator. Then, data were extracted from assessed articles and entered RevMan software for meta-analysis.
Main Results: Pooled data significantly favored the music group over the non-music one in terms of pain and anxiety scores (p<0.001). Heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure did not differ significantly between both groups.
Conclusion: Music can be used during, before, and after cesarean section to reduce associated pain and anxiety.
Music, pain, cesarean section, anxiety, delivery
The authors report no conflict of interest.
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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
Masoud AT, Samy A, Elshrery AM, Taher E, Shaker KH, Abbas AM. The effect of music on pain perception in women scheduled for elective cesarean section: a systematic review and meta-analysis. POG in Press. 2020 July; Article 1 [ 15 p.]. Available from: http://ir.uiowa.edu/pog_in_press/. Free full text article.