Objective: Intrauterine fetal ventriculomegaly (IVM) is one of the most commonly detected fetal anomalies. Prenatal diagnosis in IVM is considered a challenge with a significant impact on management. The current study aims to evaluate the added value of performing fetal MRI to sonographically diagnosed IVM.
Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted at a tertiary University Hospital in the period between January 2017 and March 2019. We included pregnant women with a single fetus sonographically diagnosed IVM (symmetrical or asymmetrical). First, a basic obstetric sonographic examination was done, followed by a detailed (2D/3D) fetal CNS anomaly scan for the detection of other associated anomalies. A fetal MRI brain scan was performed for all cases.
Results: Sixty women were included in the study. Of the 60 fetuses with IVM, additional findings were seen on MRI in 14 cases (23%), and most of these findings were identified in fetuses with severe IVM (about 50%). No additional abnormalities were identified in fetuses of less than 24 weeks gestation. Callosal and septum pellucidum lesions (29%), along with posterior fossa abnormalities (28%) and cortical malformations (21%) accounted for the most common additional significant fetal MRI findings. Fetal MRI sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values in correlation with those of prenatal ultrasound turned out to be notably higher, approaching nearly 100 %.
Conclusions: Fetal MRI for sonographically diagnosed moderate or severe IVM is recommended to guide clinical management.
Ventriculomegaly, ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging
The author reports no conflict of interest.
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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
Mahmod M, Ragaee SM, Hamed ST, Abbas AM, Mourad, MAF. The impact of adding fetal MRI to sonographically diagnosed intrauterine ventriculomegaly: a prospective cohort study. POG in Press. 2020 December; Article 1 [ 13 p.]. Available from: http://ir.uiowa.edu/pog_in_press/. Free full text article.