The second case of Horn Kolb Syndrome in the same woman in Turkey, diagnosed prenatally at 16 weeks of pregnancy

Kahraman Ülker, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kafkas University School of Medicine, Kars, Turkey
Yetkin Karasu, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kafkas University School of Medicine, Kars, Turkey
Murat Bozkurt, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kafkas University School of Medicine, Kars, Turkey
Servet Gençdal, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kafkas University School of Medicine, Kars, Turkey
Duygu Kara Bozkurt, Department of Radiology, Kafkas University School of Medicine, Kars, Turkey
Levent Şahin, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kafkas University School of Medicine, Kars, Turkey

Abstract

Background

Acheiropodia is a rare form of skeletal dysplasias. It is characterized by the amputation of the upper and lower extremities and with aplasia of the hands and feet. Acheiropodia formerly was known as a disease affecting only people of Brazilian ancestry. The first case out of Brazil was reported from our clinic in 2012. In the present report, we summarize the second case of acheiropodia, which was diagnosed prenatally in the same patient.

Case

A 39 years old G7P2A4 pregnant woman admitted to our clinic for a regular obstetrics visit at 16th weeks gestation in May 2013. Her history was significant for early pregnancy oligohydramnios with fetal loss. In the post-abortion examination, the fetus was found to be affected with acheiropodia. Since she had a history of acheiropodia a detailed ultrasound examination was performed. The fetal head and body including the intra-cranial, thoracic and abdominal structures were normal; however, distal long bones of the upper and the lower extremities could not be demonstrated. Three days later she was admitted with vaginal bleeding. Post abortion macroscopic examination revealed the absence of distal parts of the both upper and lower extremities without any other demonstrable anomalies.

Conclusion

Acheiropodia is a rare disease which may be seen outside of South America. Evaluation of the continuity and normal appearance of the extremities should be integrated to the routine antenatal ultrasound examination.

 

URL

https://ir.uiowa.edu/pog_in_press/28