Evaluation of the efficiency of antibiotic prophylaxis in cesarean cases
Background: In recent years the rate of cesarean section has significantly increased .To determine the efficacy of prophylactic antibiotics in reducing infectious morbidity after cesarean section.
Objectives: In our study, we aimed to evaluate the efficiency of prophylactic antibiotic administration by comparing three groups using single, multiple and no prophylactic antibiotic therapy.
Materials and Methods: Our study is a prospective, randomized controlled study including emergent cases, that developed caesarean indication while in active labor, and elective cesarean cases. A total of 90 patients were included in the study, including 30 patients who underwent caesarean delivery and did not undergo an antibiotic prophylaxis (Group 1), 30 patients who underwent a single dose antibiotic prophylaxis (Group II) and 30 patients who underwent multiple dose antibiotic prophylaxis (Group III).
Results: The incidence of wound infection was significantly higher in cases that were not using antibiotics at postoperative days 3, 5 and 7 compared to the cases using single and multiple antibiotics. There was not a significant difference between groups in terms of endometritis.
Conclusion: Administration of prophylactic antibiotics prevent wound infection but does not prevent development of endometritis.