NLM Title Abbreviation
J Neurodev Disord
Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
DOI of Published Version
Background Autism and the fragile X syndrome (FXS) are related to each other genetically and symptomatically. A cardinal biological feature of both disorders is abnormalities of cerebral cortical brain volumes. We have previously shown that the monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) promoter polymorphism is associated with cerebral cortical volumes in children with autism, and we now sought to determine whether the association was also present in children with FXS. Methods Participants included 47 2-year-old Caucasian boys with FXS, some of whom also had autism, as well as 34 2-year-old boys with idiopathic autism analyzed in a previous study. The MAOA promoter polymorphism was genotyped and tested for relationships with gray and white matter volumes of the cerebral cortical lobes and cerebro-spinal fluid volume of the lateral ventricles. Results MAOA genotype effects in FXS children were the same as those previously observed in idiopathic autism: the low activity MAOA promoter polymorphism allele was associated with increased gray and white matter volumes in all cerebral lobes. The effect was most pronounced in frontal lobe gray matter and all three white matter regions: frontal gray, F = 4.39, P = 0.04; frontal white, F = 5.71, P = 0.02; temporal white, F = 4.73, P = 0.04; parieto-occipital white, F = 5.00, P = 0.03. Analysis of combined FXS and idiopathic autism samples produced P values for these regions
OAfund, Autism, Fragile X syndrome, Brain structure, Monoamine oxidase A, Polymorphism
Journal Article Version
Version of Record
Published Article/Book Citation
Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 6:1 (2014) pp. 1-9. doi:10.1186/1866-1955-6-6
Copyright: © 2014 Wassink et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.